Health and Fitness

Irregular Periods And Infertility: Possible Causes

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

It is a hormonal imbalance. Imbalances of hormones affect the reproductive process causing problems in the various stages of ovulation cycle, by affecting the development of egg or the releasing of egg into the uterus. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the main reasons of irregular period. Every 1 out of 10 women is suffering from PCOS. It even can cause missed periods.

There is no definite cause for PCOS but it is a general opinion that the high level of androgens (testosterone) or excess insulin plays an important part here. Fortunately, PCOS can be managed by engaging into healthy lifestyle habits. There are certain medications that can help regulate your cycles. Even if any of these doesn’t work, IVF has a promising success rate for PCOS.

Thyroid Imbalances

Unexplained weight loss, difficulty sleeping, weight gain, fatigue, feeling sluggish, etc. can be the signs of Thyroid Imbalances. The imbalances can be caused by both lack of thyroid hormones and the lack of it. Hyperthyroidism or excess of thyroid hormones may send your metabolism into drive. Hypothyroidism or a low level of thyroid hormone may cause your body to slow down and you may feel sluggish.

Thyroid hormones send signal to the ovaries. Thus, it can disrupt the ovulation cycle too. Therefore, thyroid dysfunction can impact the fertility and the ability to get pregnant. In hyperthyroidism the excess of thyroid hormones can elevate the luteinizing hormone (LH). LH is the particular hormone that kicks off ovulation. On the other hand, hypothyroidism causes low LH levels and the ovulation doesn’t start at the time when it supposed to happen. Fortunately, there are medications that can help you get rid of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.


Endometriosis is a condition where the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside the uterus. It can cause pain during menstrual cycle, intercourse or generally chronic pain in the pelvic area. It can grow in the ovaries, outer surface of the uterus or in the fallopian tubes. Endometriosis are generally benign but they can severely impact your fertility. For example, the growth of tissue outside the uterus can block the fallopian tube or impacts the lining of the uterus. It can cause problem for pregnancy but stopping the implantation of the embryo. There is no permanent cure for endometriosis but there are successful treatment options.

Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI)

Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI)

It leads to a decrease in estrogen level. This not only impacts your ability to become pregnant and can cause related health problems such as osteoporosis. Symptoms of POI also affect and initiates early menopause, such as decreased sexual desire, irritability, hot flushes, etc. In addition, it can cause chromosomal anomalies, autoimmune responses, genetics, etc. Though there is no cure or treatment that can eradicate the problem and restore ovarian function normally. However, there are many alternatives of becoming pregnant, such as IVF treatments.

Measures to take preventing Irregular Periods

Improving your overall health is the best medicine against irregular periods. Women, who are either overweight or have nutritional deficiencies, should eat a balanced diet and start exercising regularly. However, not to overdo it, as this can cause irregular cycles. Emotional stress can highly affect menstrual cycle and can cause the body to miss a cycle. You should start practicing yoga, meditation etc. to minimize stress and restore the regular cycle.

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