Health and Fitness

Female Infertility – What Should You Know About It

Female Infertility - What Should You Know About It

Female infertility refers to a reproductive health condition. In it, a female is unable to conceive even after having frequent and unprotected intimate physical relationships for a year. It causes difficulties in becoming pregnant one-third of the time. You should visit a world-class fertility center when you come to know having a natural pregnancy is a tough job for you and needs medical intervention. Before you book your appointment with a fertility specialist, here are some points that you should know about female infertility:

Signs of female infertility 

The symptoms of female infertility are visible soon. One of the primary signs is an inability to conceive. Other signs can be:

  • Too short or long menstrual cycle (lower than 21 days and longer than 35 days)
  • Irregular periods 
  • Missed periods 
  • No visible/noticeable signs of periods 

What causes you to have female infertility?

To conceive, you need to have the right occurrence of the human reproductive process in your body. And this process includes:  

  • The release of eggs from one or both ovaries 
  • Egg movement towards the fallopian tubes
  • Sperm transfers through sexual intercourses and the amalgamation of sperm with eggs 
  • Egg movements to the uterus via the fallopian tubes 
  • Embryo development 

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In females, numerous factors create obstruction in the human reproductive process. The obstruction causes a female to have fertility problems. This obstruction occurs due to the factors like:

  • Ovulation disorders – PCOS, primary ovarian insufficiency, too much prolactin, and hypothalamic dysfunction 
  • Damage to the fallopian tubes – Blockages or structural damages in the fallopian tubes
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine or cervical issues 
  • Unexplained infertility 

Risk factors  

Some factors trigger your risk of having female infertility. Those factors are as follows:

  • Age 
  • Smoking 
  • Lack of a balanced or healthy weight 
  • Alcohol consumption 
  • Sexual activeness 

When should you visit a doctor to detect and treat your infertility? 

You need to consult a fertility specialist when you have frequent irregular menstrual cycles, your cycle is too short or long, and you are above 35. 

  • Under 35 – Consult a doctor if you are unable to conceive after making efforts for a year 
  • Between 35 and 40 – book your appointment with a respective doctor and discuss your concerns after trying for six months
  • Above 40 – You should consult the expert before planning your pregnancy  

How can you or your doctor detect the root cause of female infertility?

You seek medical intervention when you have a reasonable cause for your infertility. After interacting with you, your doctor may recommend the following tests or screenings:

  • Ovulation testing –  Usually a blood test to detect hormone level and the status of your ovulation 
  • Ovarian reserve testing – for knowing the quality and quantity of eggs 
  • Hysterosalpingography – for checking the problems inside your uterus 
  • Another hormone testing
  • Imaging Tests – for the examination and determination of uterine or fallopian tube issues 
  • Laparoscopy – for the examination of your ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus
  • Genetic testing – if you have a family history of female infertility 

Treatment options for female infertility 

Based on the held interaction and test/screening reports, your fertility specialist may recommend some suitable treatments. The advised treatment options may be:

  • Medication – for stimulating your ovulation 
  • Surgeries – Tubal surgeries for correcting structural damages in the fallopian tubes and Laparoscopic or hysteroscopic surgery for correcting/removing uterine issues 
  • Assisted reproductive treatment options – IVF, ICSI, IUI, and surrogacy 

How to prepare yourself for  infertility treatment

Before you book your appointment with a fertility specialist, you need to get ready for it. And in this regard, you need to:

  • Make a chart of your menstrual cycles 
  • Note down the associated signs and signs/symptoms you noticed in the last few months
  • Prepare a list of medicines, supplements, herbs, or foods you take 
  • Collect your medical records and keep the same with you while visiting a doctor 
  • Keep a notebook with you while going to a doctor or fertility clinic 
  • Make a list of your queries  

How can you improve your fertility or prevent yourself from female infertility?  

Apart from treating your infertility, you should take the steps that can help you make your treatment successful or safeguard you from having fertility problems. Here are some useful steps for your assistance: 

  • Eat healthy diet 
  • Improve the blood flow to the uterus 
  • Include fertility supplements into your diet 
  • Quit smoking
    Manage to have a healthy weight 
  • Stay away from stress and anxiety 
  • Limit your intake of alcoholic beverages 

How to cope with the situation you have and support yourself?

Infertility and going through it is a tough time for everyone. Here are some useful tips for your support in this crucial phase:

  • Educate yourself about female reproductive health issues and available treatment options 
  • Get the requisite support from a highly skilled and experienced fertility specialist 
  • Keep yourself healthy and fit through a balanced diet and minor to moderate exercises 
  • Be open to other possible and effective options such as donor programs, adoption, and surrogacy   


Female infertility is nothing so serious. You can easily handle it and get out of it by educating yourself on all the associated parts and the support of a fertility specialist. For better results, you should take each step very carefully and consult your doctor before taking any new step.

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