Tooth extraction can be defined as the removal of a tooth from the socket in the bone.
Your dentist always strives to save your tooth; however, there may be circumstances where your tooth needs to be extracted.
In the early days of human history, many diseases were attributed to dental infections. Since there were no antibiotics at the time, tooth extraction was performed to cure the disease.
Different tools were used for tooth extraction at different times. The first was invented by Guy de Chauliac in the 14th century and was known as the dental pelican.
The dental key has been replaced by modern pliers in the 20th century and this is the main tool currently used for tooth extraction. Tooth extractions vary widely and to facilitate different types of tooth extractions for dentures, a wide variety of instruments are used.
Reasons for tooth extraction
Normally, when there is a fracture of a tooth or damage to the tooth due to decay, the dentist tries to repair the tooth by various means, such as a filling, fixing a crown, etc.
Also, many diseases and medications require tooth extraction because they weaken the immune system and cause tooth infection. These are drugs for cancer, tooth decay, gum disease, extra teeth, broken teeth, organ transplant, orthodontic treatment, radiation, and wisdom teeth.
There are two types of dental extractions: simple and surgical.
Simple tooth extractions for dentures: These are performed on teeth that are externally visible in the mouth and are easily performed by general dentists. The dentist gives an injection of local anesthetic before extracting the tooth.
Surgical extractions: are performed on teeth that are not easily accessible; this can happen if the teeth break below the gum line or if the teeth partially erupt. In such a case, the surgeon must cut and retract the gums, thus facilitating access to the extraction of the bone or part of the tooth. Surgical tooth extractions for dentures require a specialized oral surgeon.
Considerations before extraction
Before your tooth extractions for dentures, your oral surgeon or dentist will find out about your medical and dental history; You may also take x-rays of the affected area. He may also prescribe antibiotics if you have an infected tooth, a weak immune system, or medical problems.
Post Extraction Considerations
For simple extractions, your dentist may prescribe over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen.
Once the tooth has been extracted, your dentist will ask you to bite down on gauze to facilitate coagulation and you should not disturb this clot in the wound.
You must use ice packs to contain swelling after surgery. Use warm compresses when your jaw gets stiff.
Most spots go away in a week or two. A warm salt water rinse can dissolve the stitches. Your dentist will remove any remaining stitches.
Avoid smoking or spitting after surgery, as this can remove the clot from the tooth socket, increase bleeding, and create dry socket.
Risk factors due to tooth extraction include: infection, prolonged bleeding, swelling, dry socket, nerve damage, tooth damage, incomplete extraction, fractured jaw and sinus opening, jaw muscle or joint pain, and lip numbness lower.